Data and research are important tools in helping assure access to quality primary and preventive services, especially for communities of color and indigenous peoples. A critical need exists for more data and research on the health of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders. The heterogeneity in languages and cultures, differing cultural beliefs and approaches towards health all contribute to misperceptions about the community and its health and health care needs. Such misperceptions may be barriers to the provision of appropriate health care services and health education, and precipitate the need for more data and research. Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) provides a foundation for communities to have an equitable voice in how research is conducted, which issues are addressed, and what questions are asked. As such, CBPR is a powerful strategy that promotes community relevant and culturally appropriate solutions to health disparities and inequities.